Narrative and Geography in the Chronicle of Theophanes

This project works with the Byzantine Chronicle of Theophanes “the Confessor,” the early ninth-century completion of the Chronography of George the Synkellos.

We continue to produce a series of posts on this project:
(1) Can We Map Space and Place in Historical Narratives?
(2) How Should We Show a Chronography’s Geography?
(3) Chronography’s Geography: Choosing Software and Structuring a Database
(4) Chronography’s Geography: What counts as Geographic Reference?
(5) Chronography’s Geography: To Organize Geographic References
(6) Turning Geographic References into Maps with Recogito: Part 1(of 2)
(7) Turning Geographic References into Maps with Recogito: Part 2(of 2)
(8) Geography and Narrative in Chronicle of Theophanes: 2018-2019 Resumé
(9) Rewriting the Historical Geography of Rome with the Chronicle of Theophanes

For a summary of the project, keep reading:

Theophanes - Chronicle - CoverTheophanes’ completion of the Chronography of Synkellos gave a year-by-year account of the world as seen from Constantinople, from the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian (AD 284) to the accession of the Roman (“Byzantine”) Emperor Leo V (AD 813). Particularly because its account of the seventh and eighth centuries is one of very few that survive, Theophanes’ text is one of the single most important sources for Byzantine history, and for the history of the Eastern Mediterranean world in general. Nevertheless, in practice historians tend to read the text in piecemeal form, dropping in to extract the Chronicle‘s account of a particular year, or event.

Our project seeks to utilize “digital” analytical tools to evaluate the hypothesis that the Chronicle — despite the fact that its text is largely made up of excerpts from writers prior to Theophanes and George Synkellos — would have constructed a narrative plot in the minds of its readers.

We are now well into the first stage of our research to test this hypothesis.

Taking our cue from the earliest surviving manuscript of the Chronicle (Paris Grec 1710 at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, copied ca. AD 850), which divided the Chronicle‘s text by emperor’s reign, our project seeks to identify and then compare the geographic signals that would characterize each emperor’s reign in the minds of its readers. To do this we are currently identifying, and mapping, the geography evoked by the language of the text.

This project is directed by Professor Torgerson, and interested students should contact 
Prof. Torgerson ( to get involved.
Research has been and is being undertaken:
in Summer 2016 by Ethan Yaro ('17)
in Fall 2016 by E. Yaro and Andrew Riyu Ling ('18)
in Spring 2017 by Caroline Diemer ('18) and Nathan Krieger ('20)
in Summer 2017 by C. Diemer, N. Krieger, and E. Yaro.                                                                                                                                
in Fall 2017 by N. Krieger                                                                                                                                                                                     
in Spring 2018 by N. Krieger and Ezra Kohn ('20)                                                                                                                                          
in Summer 2018 by N. Krieger                                                                                                                                                                            
in Fall 2018 by N. Krieger and E. Kohn 
in Spring 2019 by N. Krieger, E. Kohn, Rachel Chung ('20), Jesse Simmons ('21)
in Fall 2019 by N. Krieger, E. Kohn, R. Chung, J. Simmons, Grant van Iwegan ('20), and 
Weiliang Song ('20)
in Spring 2020 by N. Krieger, E. Kohn, R. Chung, J. Simmons, G. van Iwegan, W. Song, 
Jonah Skolnik ('21), and Oscar Zou ('22)

This project has been funded with research assistants via Wesleyan’s “Grants in Support of Scholarship” for both the Summer of 2016 and the Summer of 2017, the 2017-18, and 2018-19 years, by the Quantitiative Analysis Center for the 2016-17 academic year, and for the Summer of 2017, by the Center for Pedagogical Innovation for the 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 academic year, and by the College of Letters for the summer of 2019 and the 2019-2020 academic year.